Hematologic Disorders

Anemia of Chronic Disease


Braunstein, E. M. Anemia of chronic disease. Merck Manual online. 2016. Retrieved Nov. 22, 2017, from: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/anemias-caused-by-deficient-erythropoiesis/anemia-of-chronic-disease


Goroll, A. &. (2014). Primary Care Medicine: Office Evaluation and Management of the Adult Patient (7th ed.). R. Gaertner, Ed. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Wolters Kluwer.


Sennett, M.M. (2017). Anemia. In: T. M. Buttaro, J. Trybulski, P. Polgar-Baily, & J. Sandberg-Cook (Eds.). 5th ed. Primary Care: A Collaborative Practice (pp. 1278-1297.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.


Schrier, SL, Camaschella, C. Anemia of chronic disease/inflammation. 2017. Retrieved Nov. 22, 2017, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/anemia-of-chronic-disease-inflammation


Tran, C. (2017). The 5-Minute Clinical Consult Standard 2017 (25th ed.) F. J. Domino, Ed. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Wolters Kluwer.



Folic Acid Deficiency


Coffey-Vega, K. (2017). Folic acid deficiency follow-up. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/200184-followup#showall


Cordero, A., Crider, K., Rogers, L., Cannon, M., & Berry, R. J. (2015). Optimal serum and red blood cell folate concentrations in women of reproductive age for prevention of neural tube defects: World Health Organization guidelines. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(15), 421-423. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6415a5.htm


Likis, F. (2016). Folic acid. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 61(5), 673-674. Doi: 10.1111/jmwh.12546


Moll, R., & Davis, B. (2017). Iron, vitamin B12 and folate. Medicine, 45(4), 198-203. Doi: 10.1016/j.mpmed.2017.01.007


Odewele, O. A., Williamson, R. S., Zakai, N. A., Berry, R. J., Judd, S. E., Qi, Y. P., Oakley, G. P. (2013). Near-elimination of folate-deficiency anemia by mandatory folic acid fortification in older US adults: Reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study 2003-2007. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 98(4), 1042-1047. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/98/4/1042


Theisen-Toupal, J., Horowitz, G., & Breu, A. (2014). Low yield of outpatient serum folate testing: Eleven years of experience. Jama Internal Medicine, 174(10), 1696-1697.


U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2017). Folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA, 317 (2) 183-189. Doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.19438



Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura


Bowersox, N. (2016). Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/272867-overview#a5


Bussel, J. (2016). Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children: Initial Management. UpToDate. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/immune-thrombocytopenia-itp-in-children-initial-management


Coutre, S. (2015). Management of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/management-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia


Kessler, C.M. (2017). Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP). Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/202158-overview


Kessler, C.M. (2017). Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Guidelines. Medscape. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/202158-guidelines


ITP Foundation. (2011). Guide to Understanding ITP (Immune thrombocytopenia). Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://www.itpfoundation.org/Assets/ITP+Foundation$!27s+Guide+to+Understanding+ITP.pdf


National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Immune Thrombocytopenia? Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/itp



Iron Deficiency Anemia


BMJ Publishing Group. Iron Deficiency Anemia. (2017). BMJ Best Practice. Retrieved March 13, 2018, from: http://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-gb/94


Domino, F. (2018). 5-Minute Clinical Consult 26th edition. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Wolters Kluwer.


Goroll, A. &Mulley, A.G. (2014). Primary Care Medicine: Office Evaluation and Management of the Adult Patient (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.


Nurse Practitioner Monthly Prescribing Reference. (2018). New York: Haymarket Media Publication.


Schrier, S. (2018). Treatment of iron deficiency anemia in adults. UpToDate. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults


Schrier, S. (2017). Causes and diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia in the adults. UpToDate. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/causes-and-diagnosis-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults


Uphold, C., Graham, M.V. (2013). Clinical Guidelines in Family Practice (5th ed.). Gainesville, FL, USA: Barmarrae Books, Inc.



Lead Toxicity


CDC. (2018). Childhood Lead Poisoning Data, Statistics and Surveillance. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/data/index.htm


CDC. (2018). Lead. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/


CDC. (2017). Blood Lead Test Safety Alert. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/about/blood_lead_test_safety_alert.html


Council on Environmental Health. (2016). Prevention of childhood lead toxicity. Pediatrics, 138(1). Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2016/06/16/peds.2016-1493


Dugdale, D. (2013). Lead levels - blood: MedlinePlus. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003360.htm


Kathuria, P. (2017). Lead Toxicity Treatment and Management. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1174752-treatment


Pranay, K., et al. (2017). Lead Toxicity. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1174752-overview



Leukemias


Cure Search for Children’s Cancer. 5-Year Survival Rate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://curesearch.org/5-Year-Survival-Rate


Cure Search for Children’s Cancer. Childhood Cancer Statistics—Graphs and Infographics. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://curesearch.org/Childhood-Cancer-Statistics


Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. Someday Is Today. Fighting Blood Cancers. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from:

http://www.lls.org/sites/default/files/file_assets/facts.pdf


National Cancer Institute. (2018). Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/adult-all-treatment-pdq


National Cancer Institute. (2018). Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/adult-aml-treatment-pdq


National Cancer Institute. (2017). Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/child-all-treatment-pdq


National Cancer Institute. (2017). Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/child-aml-treatment-pdq


National Cancer Institute. (2018). Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/cll-treatment-pdq


National Cancer Institute. (2018). Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/cml-treatment-pdq


National Cancer Institute. Hairy Cell Leukemia. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/hairy-cell-treatment-pdq


Wu, L. (2017). Ophthalmologic manifestations of leukemias. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1201870-overview



Lymphoma


American Cancer Society. (2018). What’s new in Hodgkin lymphoma research and treatment? Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/hodgkin-lymphoma/about/new-research.html


American Cancer Society. (2018). What’s new in non-Hodgkin lymphoma research and treatment? Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/about/new-research.html


Charpentier AM, Friedman DL, Wolden S, et al. (2016). Predictive Factor Analysis of Response-Adapted Radiation Therapy for Chemotherapy-Sensitive Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma: Analysis of the Children's Oncology Group AHOD 0031 Trial. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology and Physics. 96:943.


Corrigan JJ, Feig SA. (2004). Guidelines for pediatric cancer centers. Pediatrics. 113 (6):1833.


Crump C, Sundquist K, Sieh W, et al. (2012). Perinatal and family risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in early life: a Swedish national cohort study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 104:923.


Deffenbacher KE, Iqbal J, Sanger W, et al. (2012). Molecular distinctions between pediatric and adult mature B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas identified through genomic profiling. Blood. 119:3757.


Emmanuel B, Anderson WF. (2012). Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in early life. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 104: 888.


Freedman, A.S., Friedberg, J.W. (2017). Clinical presentation and diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma


Friedman DL, Chen L, Wolden S, et al. (2014). Dose-intensive response-based chemotherapy and radiation therapy for children and adolescents with newly diagnosed intermediate-risk hodgkin lymphoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group Study AHOD0031. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 32:3651.


Kline, N, Bryant. R, Carlson, C. Hooke, M. & Nixon, C. (2014). Essentials of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nursing: A Core Curriculum (4th ed.) Chicago, IL: Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses.


McClain, K.L., Kamdar, K. (2017). Overview of Hodgkin lymphoma in children and adolescents. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-children-and-adolescents


Rosolen A, Perkins SL, Pinkerton CR, et al. (2015). Revised International Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Staging System. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 33:2112.


Sandlund JT, Guillerman RP, Perkins SL, et al. (2015). International Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Response Criteria. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 33:2106.


Smith MA, Seibel NL, Altekruse SF, et al. (2010). Outcomes for children and adolescents with cancer: challenges for the twenty-first century. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 28:2625.


Ward E, DeSantis C, Robbins A, et al. (2014). Childhood and adolescent cancer statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin 64:83.


Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia


American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guideline. (2004). Management of hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn infant 35 or more weeks of gestation, 114 (1), 297-316. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/114/1/297


Hanson, T. (2017). Neonatal jaundice treatment and management. Medscape. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/974786-treatment


Muchowski, K. (2014). Evaluation and treatment of hyperbilirubinemia. American Family Physician, 89(11), 873-878.


Shaked, O., & Pena, B. (2015). Evaluation of jaundice caused by unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in children. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-of-jaundice-caused-by-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-children


Wong, R., & Bhutani, V. (2017). Pathogenesis and etiology of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/pathogenesis-and-etiology-of-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-the-newborn


Wong, R., & Bhutani, V. (2017). Treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm infants. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-term-and-late-preterm-infants



Rh Incompatibility


Aitken, S. L. & Tichy, E. M. (2015). RhD immune globulin products for prevention of alloimmunization during pregnancy. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 72, 267-276.


Calhoun, D. (2016). Postnatal diagnosis and management of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/postnatal-diagnosis-and-management-of-hemolytic-disease-of-the-fetus-and-newborn


Kedrion Biopharma. Rhogam prescribing information. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://www.rhogam.com/


Moise, K. J. (2017). Overview of Rhesus D alloimmunization in pregnancy. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-rhesus-d-alloimmunization-in-pregnancy


Uhi, L. (2017). Red cell antigens and antibodies. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: /www.uptodate.com/contents/red-blood-cell-antigens-and-antibodies



Sickle Cell Anemia


Cennimo, D. (2017). Parvovirus B19 Infection: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology. Medscape. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/961063-overview


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sickle Cell Disease Data & Statistics. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/data.html


Maakaron, J. (2017). Sickle Cell Anemia: Practice Essentials, Background, Anatomy. Medscape. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/205926-overview


National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Evidence Based Management of Sickle Cell Disease: Expert Panel Report, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/evidence-based-management-sickle-cell-disease


Niihara, Y, Koh, H.A,, Tran, L, Razon,R, Macan, H, Start, C, Wun, T, and Adams-Graves, P. (2014) A phase 3 study of L-glutamine therapy for sickle cell anemia and sickle-beta-thalaseemia. Blood 124 (86). Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/124/21/86?sso-checked=true



Thalassemia


Benz, E.J. 2018. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of the thalassemias. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-manifestations-and-diagnosis-of-the-thalassemias


Haines, D., Martin, M., Carson, S., Oliveros, O., Green, S., Coates, T., Vichinsky, E. (2013). Pain in thalassaemia: the effects of age on pain frequency and severity. British Journal of Haematologica, 160(5), 680-687.


Kline, N., Bryant, R., Carlson, C. Hooke, M. & Nixon, C. (2014). Essentials of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nursing: A Core Curriculum (4th ed.) Chicago, IL: Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses.


Lal, A., Goldrich, M.L., Haines, D.A., Azimi, M., Singer, S.T., & Vichinsky, E.P. (2011). Heterogeneity of hemoglobin H disease in childhood. New England Journal of Medicine, 364(8), 710-718.


Martin, A., & Thompson, A.A. (2013). Thalassemias. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 60(6), 1383-1391.


Musallam, K.M., Cappellini, M.D., Daar, S., Karimi, M., El-Beshlawy, A., Graziadei, G., Taher, A.T. (2014). Serum ferritin level and morbidity risk in transfusion-independent patients with β-thalassemia intermedia: the ORIENT study. Haematologica, 99(11), 218-221.


Musallam, K.M., Rivella, S., Vichinsky, E., & Rachmilewitz, E.A. (2013). Non-transfusion-dependent thalassemias. Haematologica, 98(6), 833-844.


Musallam, K.M., Taher, A.T., & Rachmilewitz, E.A. (2012). β-thalassemia intermedia: a clinical perspective. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 2(7), a013482.


Pepe, A., Meloni, A., Rossi, G., Caruso, V., Cuccia, L., Spasiano, A., Gamberini, M.R. (2013). Cardiac complications and diabetes in thalassaemia major: a large historical multicentre study. British Journal of Haematology, 163(4), 520-527.


Rachmilewitz, E.A., & Giardina, P.J. (2011). How I treat thalassemia. Blood, 118(13), 3479-3488.


Sheeran, C., Weekes, K., Shaw, J. & Pasricha, S.R. (2014). Complications of HbH disease in adulthood. British Journal of Haematologica, 167(1), 136–139.


Weatherall, D.J. (2012). The definition and epidemiology of non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia. Blood Reviews; 26(1), 3-6.



Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia


Boucher, M., Bryan, S., & Dukes, S. (2015). Deficiency or dementia? Exploring B12 deficiency after urostomy. British Journal of Nursing, 24(11), 594-597. Doi:10.12968/bjon.2015.24.11.594


Langan, R. C., & Goodbred, A.J. (2017). Vitamin B12 deficiency: Recognition and management. American Family Physician, 96(6), 384-389. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p384.html


Shipton, M., & Thachil, J. (2015). Vitamin B12 deficiency – A 21st century perspective. Clinical Medicine, 15(2), 145-50. Doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.15-2-145.

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