Hematologic Disorders


Anemia of Chronic Disease

Braunstein, E. M. Anemia of chronic disease. Merck Manual online. 2016. Retrieved Nov. 22, 2017, from: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/anemias-caused-by-deficient-erythropoiesis/anemia-of-chronic-disease

Goroll, A. &. (2014). Primary Care Medicine: Office Evaluation and Management of the Adult Patient (7th ed.). R. Gaertner, Ed. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Wolters Kluwer.

Sennett, M.M. (2017). Anemia. In: T. M. Buttaro, J. Trybulski, P. Polgar-Baily, & J. Sandberg-Cook (Eds.). 5th ed. Primary Care: A Collaborative Practice (pp. 1278-1297.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Schrier, SL, Camaschella, C. Anemia of chronic disease/inflammation. 2017. Retrieved Nov. 22, 2017, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/anemia-of-chronic-disease-inflammation

Tran, C. (2017). The 5-Minute Clinical Consult Standard 2017 (25th ed.) F. J. Domino, Ed. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Wolters Kluwer.


Folic Acid Deficiency

Coffey-Vega, K. (2017). Folic acid deficiency follow-up. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/200184-followup#showall 

Cordero, A., Crider, K., Rogers, L., Cannon, M., & Berry, R. J. (2015). Optimal serum and red blood cell folate concentrations in women of reproductive age for prevention of neural tube defects: World Health Organization guidelines. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(15), 421-423. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6415a5.htm 

Likis, F. (2016). Folic acid. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 61(5), 673-674. Doi: 10.1111/jmwh.12546

Moll, R., & Davis, B. (2017). Iron, vitamin B12 and folate. Medicine, 45(4), 198-203. Doi: 10.1016/j.mpmed.2017.01.007

Odewele, O. A., Williamson, R. S., Zakai, N. A., Berry, R. J., Judd, S. E., Qi, Y. P., Oakley, G. P. (2013). Near-elimination of folate-deficiency anemia by mandatory folic acid fortification in older US adults: Reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study 2003-2007. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 98(4), 1042-1047. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/98/4/1042 

Theisen-Toupal, J., Horowitz, G., & Breu, A. (2014). Low yield of outpatient serum folate testing: Eleven years of experience. Jama Internal Medicine, 174(10), 1696-1697.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2017). Folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA, 317 (2) 183-189. Doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.19438


Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura

Bowersox, N. (2016). Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/272867-overview#a5  

Bussel, J. (2016). Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children: Initial Management. UpToDate. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/immune-thrombocytopenia-itp-in-children-initial-management

Coutre, S. (2015). Management of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/management-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia  

Kessler, C.M. (2017). Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP). Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/202158-overview

Kessler, C.M. (2017). Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Guidelines. Medscape. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/202158-guidelines

ITP Foundation. (2011). Guide to Understanding ITP (Immune thrombocytopenia). Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://www.itpfoundation.org/Assets/ITP+Foundation$!27s+Guide+to+Understanding+ITP.pdf

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Immune Thrombocytopenia? Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/itp 


Iron Deficiency Anemia


BMJ Publishing Group. Iron Deficiency Anemia. (2017). BMJ Best Practice. Retrieved March 13, 2018, from: http://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-gb/94  

Domino, F. (2018). 5-Minute Clinical Consult 26th edition. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Wolters Kluwer.

Goroll, A. &Mulley, A.G. (2014). Primary Care Medicine: Office Evaluation and Management of the Adult Patient (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Nurse Practitioner Monthly Prescribing Reference. (2018). New York: Haymarket Media Publication.

Schrier, S. (2018). Treatment of iron deficiency anemia in adults. UpToDate. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults

Schrier, S. (2017). Causes and diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia in the adults. UpToDate. Retrieved Feb. 11, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/causes-and-diagnosis-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults

Uphold, C., Graham, M.V. (2013). Clinical Guidelines in Family Practice (5th ed.). Gainesville, FL, USA: Barmarrae Books, Inc.


Lead Toxicity

CDC. (2018). Childhood Lead Poisoning Data, Statistics and Surveillance. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/data/index.htm

CDC. (2018). Lead. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/ 

CDC. (2017). Blood Lead Test Safety Alert. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/about/blood_lead_test_safety_alert.html

Council on Environmental Health. (2016). Prevention of childhood lead toxicity. Pediatrics, 138(1). Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2016/06/16/peds.2016-1493 

Dugdale, D. (2013). Lead levels - blood: MedlinePlus. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003360.htm 

Kathuria, P. (2017). Lead Toxicity Treatment and Management. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1174752-treatment

Pranay, K., et al. (2017). Lead Toxicity. Retrieved Feb. 10, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1174752-overview


Leukemias

Cure Search for Children’s Cancer. 5-Year Survival Rate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://curesearch.org/5-Year-Survival-Rate

Cure Search for Children’s Cancer. Childhood Cancer Statistics—Graphs and Infographics. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://curesearch.org/Childhood-Cancer-Statistics

Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. Someday Is Today. Fighting Blood Cancers. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from:
http://www.lls.org/sites/default/files/file_assets/facts.pdf

National Cancer Institute. (2018). Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/adult-all-treatment-pdq

National Cancer Institute. (2018). Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/adult-aml-treatment-pdq

National Cancer Institute. (2017). Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/child-all-treatment-pdq

National Cancer Institute. (2017). Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/child-aml-treatment-pdq

National Cancer Institute. (2018). Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/cll-treatment-pdq

National Cancer Institute. (2018). Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/cml-treatment-pdq

National Cancer Institute. Hairy Cell Leukemia. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/hp/hairy-cell-treatment-pdq

Wu, L. (2017). Ophthalmologic manifestations of leukemias. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1201870-overview


Lymphoma

American Cancer Society. (2018). What’s new in Hodgkin lymphoma research and treatment? Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/hodgkin-lymphoma/about/new-research.html

American Cancer Society. (2018). What’s new in non-Hodgkin lymphoma research and treatment? Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/about/new-research.html

Charpentier AM, Friedman DL, Wolden S, et al. (2016). Predictive Factor Analysis of Response-Adapted Radiation Therapy for Chemotherapy-Sensitive Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma: Analysis of the Children's Oncology Group AHOD 0031 Trial. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology and Physics. 96:943.

Corrigan JJ, Feig SA. (2004). Guidelines for pediatric cancer centers. Pediatrics. 113 (6):1833.

Crump C, Sundquist K, Sieh W, et al. (2012). Perinatal and family risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in early life: a Swedish national cohort study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 104:923.

Deffenbacher KE, Iqbal J, Sanger W, et al. (2012). Molecular distinctions between pediatric and adult mature B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas identified through genomic profiling. Blood. 119:3757.

Emmanuel B, Anderson WF. (2012). Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in early life. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 104: 888.

Freedman, A.S., Friedberg, J.W. (2017). Clinical presentation and diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma 

Friedman DL, Chen L, Wolden S, et al. (2014). Dose-intensive response-based chemotherapy and radiation therapy for children and adolescents with newly diagnosed intermediate-risk hodgkin lymphoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group Study AHOD0031. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 32:3651.

Kline, N, Bryant. R, Carlson, C. Hooke, M. & Nixon, C. (2014). Essentials of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nursing: A Core Curriculum (4th ed.) Chicago, IL: Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses.

McClain, K.L., Kamdar, K. (2017). Overview of Hodgkin lymphoma in children and adolescents. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-children-and-adolescents 

Rosolen A, Perkins SL, Pinkerton CR, et al. (2015). Revised International Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Staging System. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 33:2112.

Sandlund JT, Guillerman RP, Perkins SL, et al. (2015). International Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Response Criteria. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 33:2106.

Smith MA, Seibel NL, Altekruse SF, et al. (2010). Outcomes for children and adolescents with cancer: challenges for the twenty-first century. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 28:2625.

Ward E, DeSantis C, Robbins A, et al. (2014). Childhood and adolescent cancer statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin 64:83.

Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia

American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guideline. (2004). Management of hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn infant 35 or more weeks of gestation, 114 (1), 297-316. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/114/1/297

Hanson, T. (2017). Neonatal jaundice treatment and management. Medscape. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/974786-treatment

Muchowski, K. (2014). Evaluation and treatment of hyperbilirubinemia. American Family Physician, 89(11), 873-878.

Shaked, O., & Pena, B. (2015). Evaluation of jaundice caused by unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in children. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/evaluation-of-jaundice-caused-by-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-children 

Wong, R., & Bhutani, V. (2017). Pathogenesis and etiology of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn. UpToDate. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/pathogenesis-and-etiology-of-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-the-newborn 

 Wong, R., & Bhutani, V. (2017). Treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm infants. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-term-and-late-preterm-infants


Rh Incompatibility

Aitken, S. L. & Tichy, E. M. (2015). RhD immune globulin products for prevention of alloimmunization during pregnancy. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 72, 267-276.

Calhoun, D. (2016). Postnatal diagnosis and management of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/postnatal-diagnosis-and-management-of-hemolytic-disease-of-the-fetus-and-newborn

Kedrion Biopharma. Rhogam prescribing information. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://www.rhogam.com/ 

Moise, K. J. (2017). Overview of Rhesus D alloimmunization in pregnancy. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/overview-of-rhesus-d-alloimmunization-in-pregnancy 

Uhi, L. (2017). Red cell antigens and antibodies. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: /www.uptodate.com/contents/red-blood-cell-antigens-and-antibodies 


Sickle Cell Anemia

Cennimo, D. (2017). Parvovirus B19 Infection: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology. Medscape. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/961063-overview 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sickle Cell Disease Data & Statistics. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/data.html 

Maakaron, J. (2017). Sickle Cell Anemia: Practice Essentials, Background, Anatomy. Medscape. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/205926-overview 

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Evidence Based Management of Sickle Cell Disease: Expert Panel Report, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/evidence-based-management-sickle-cell-disease

Niihara, Y, Koh, H.A,, Tran, L, Razon,R, Macan, H, Start, C, Wun, T, and Adams-Graves, P. (2014) A phase 3 study of L-glutamine therapy for sickle cell anemia and sickle-beta-thalaseemia. Blood 124 (86). Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/124/21/86?sso-checked=true 


Thalassemia

Benz, E.J. 2018. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of the thalassemias. UpToDate. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-manifestations-and-diagnosis-of-the-thalassemias

Haines, D., Martin, M., Carson, S., Oliveros, O., Green, S., Coates, T., Vichinsky, E. (2013). Pain in thalassaemia: the effects of age on pain frequency and severity. British Journal of Haematologica, 160(5), 680-687.

Kline, N., Bryant, R., Carlson, C. Hooke, M. & Nixon, C. (2014). Essentials of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nursing: A Core Curriculum (4th ed.) Chicago, IL: Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses.

Lal, A., Goldrich, M.L., Haines, D.A., Azimi, M., Singer, S.T., & Vichinsky, E.P. (2011). Heterogeneity of hemoglobin H disease in childhood. New England Journal of Medicine, 364(8), 710-718.

Martin, A., & Thompson, A.A. (2013). Thalassemias. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 60(6), 1383-1391.

Musallam, K.M., Cappellini, M.D., Daar, S., Karimi, M., El-Beshlawy, A., Graziadei, G., Taher, A.T. (2014). Serum ferritin level and morbidity risk in transfusion-independent patients with β-thalassemia intermedia: the ORIENT study. Haematologica, 99(11), 218-221.

Musallam, K.M., Rivella, S., Vichinsky, E., & Rachmilewitz, E.A. (2013). Non-transfusion-dependent thalassemias. Haematologica, 98(6), 833-844.

Musallam, K.M., Taher, A.T., & Rachmilewitz, E.A. (2012). β-thalassemia intermedia: a clinical perspective. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 2(7), a013482.

Pepe, A., Meloni, A., Rossi, G., Caruso, V., Cuccia, L., Spasiano, A., Gamberini, M.R. (2013). Cardiac complications and diabetes in thalassaemia major: a large historical multicentre study. British Journal of Haematology, 163(4), 520-527.

Rachmilewitz, E.A., & Giardina, P.J. (2011). How I treat thalassemia. Blood, 118(13), 3479-3488.

Sheeran, C., Weekes, K., Shaw, J. & Pasricha, S.R. (2014). Complications of HbH disease in adulthood. British Journal of Haematologica, 167(1), 136–139. 

Weatherall, D.J. (2012). The definition and epidemiology of non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia. Blood Reviews; 26(1), 3-6.


Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia

Boucher, M., Bryan, S., & Dukes, S. (2015). Deficiency or dementia? Exploring B12 deficiency after urostomy. British Journal of Nursing, 24(11), 594-597. Doi:10.12968/bjon.2015.24.11.594

Langan, R. C., & Goodbred, A.J. (2017). Vitamin B12 deficiency: Recognition and management. American Family Physician, 96(6), 384-389. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p384.html 

Shipton, M., & Thachil, J. (2015). Vitamin B12 deficiency – A 21st century perspective. Clinical Medicine, 15(2), 145-50. Doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.15-2-145.

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